In the ancient society, predating slavery, women were the dominating sex.
An echo of this we find in the myths of Amazons. These were the women warriors who took men for the purposes of procreation.
Images of Amazons in art can be found here.
An Amazon wearing trousers, from a Greek vase, V century B.C.
It is curious that (some) Amazons inhabited the plains to modern day southern Ukraine and Russia, the so-called "Sarmatia". (More read here)
Gradually, the status of women was lowered.
Penelope, the wife of Odysseus, is no more than the highest among the slave girls. Telemachus, her
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