Knowledge as a weapon
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Views: 307 | Added by: gori | Date: 06.18.2015 | Comments (0)

 

After re-reading Duncan Hallas’ “Comintern”, I have noted the following positive contributions he makes to the theory of a communist revolution and organization:

  1. Against “entryism”, if the latter means losing party independence. The most that is possible is to enter a party, such as Labor Party was, in early 1920’s, as a whole party, as the British Communist Party attempted, criticizing the larger party, its central leadership. Trotsky’s sanction of entryism as a tactic means losing party’s independence, its organization, its material assets. In fact, it means party liquidation.
  2. A revolutionary party should oppose a right-wing coup, even if that means supporting a liberal bourgeoisie, or a centrist bureaucracy. For example, in the case of ... Read more »
Views: 262 | Added by: gori | Date: 05.28.2015 | Comments (0)

 Julius Braunthal, “History of the International, 1914-1943",  vol. 2, 1963 (Germany), 1967 (Britain)

The end of the Second International

The work of Julius Brauthal is written from a point of view of an Austrian Social-Democrat after World War II, and hence can not be revolutionary. Yet, it is much more informative than the works of official communists of the Stalin-Khrushchev period (William Forster, Palm Datt).

Braunthal notes that on August 4th, 1914, “almost all Socialist parties in the belligerent countries pledged themselves to the defense of the very bourgeois-capitalist states whose destruction has hitherto been their aim”. The explanation for this that he gives is that “powerful feelings of patriotism and nationalism had none the less been lying dormant among the mass of the working classes”, and leaders of the Social Democra ... Read more »

Views: 287 | Added by: gori | Date: 05.27.2015 | Comments (0)

1. What is “a social revolution”? A social revolution is not limited to the times of the civil war. It is a much wider and deeper phenomenon. Wider – in the time scale. Deeper – for it occurs not only in the political and economic arenas, but in all aspects of social production and human relations in general.

2. First, as to the overall shape of a revolution. It is a spiral vortex, analogous to that shape shown by the spiral galaxies. This we view as a general form of movement in the Universe.

3. In the material “arm” of this spiral, we observe a general spread of techniques that implicitly mean a negation of the old social order. Such were the new techniques of working the steel, the spread of gunpowder and guns, the printing press, the improved methods of navigation, better methods of land commun ... Read more »

Views: 297 | Added by: gori | Date: 03.03.2015 | Comments (0)

1. Why was so much blood shed? Why were so many pamphlets written? Why is social revolution necessary?

2. The power has shifted towards the formerly miserable and insignificant "The House of Commons", i.e. misters moneybags. First, it was the gentry, large capitalist-run estates, that dominated the power in England. Then, came the industrialists and financial barons.

3. The English revolution has led the country towards the Agricultural revolution in XVIII century. This was characterized by: 1) enclosures of common land, 2) disappearance of small farmers, "the yeomen", 3) the rise of large capitalist farmers, 4) introduction of scientific methods into agriculture, 5) hence, a significant increase in the productivity of land.

4. Between 1485 and 1517 approximately 100 thousand acres of common land were enclosed. The amount of land enclosed from 1800 to 1830 alone equaled 3.5 million acres!

The following verse is a comment on th ... Read more »

Views: 319 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.23.2015 | Comments (0)

1. The main parties of the time were "the court" and "the country". The court represented the royalists. The country was divided into two parties: 1) the Tories, 2) the Whigs.

"Tories" in Irish means "thieves". G.M. Trevelyan characterizes them thus: “The Tories, like the Cavaliers before them, were the section of the society that stood most whole-heartedly in the old ways of rural England”. Hence, these were propertied, land-owning, conservative classes. 

"The Whigs" were a nickname given by the Tories to those who obtained their wealth from sale of sheep. Trevelyan characterizes them thus:  “The Whigs, like their Roundhead fathers, were usually those members of the landowning class who were in close touch with commercial men and commercial interests.” Hence, these are commerce men, traders, landowners close to the traders.

Finally, there were the " ... Read more »

Views: 334 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.22.2015 | Comments (0)

a. Power Shifts from Independents to Presbyterians

1. Cromwell dies in September 1658. At this time there are three principal contenders for power. One is a group of officers around Lambert, and they represent the interests of the top brass. Second is the group of officers around Hazelrig and Morley, and they represent general republican sentiments. The third is the money bags of the City, who hold in their hands the economic life of the nation. Hume says the following: “the nation had fallen into total anarchy; and by refusing the payment of all taxes, reduced the army to the greatest necessities.”

2. At this dark hour, pregnant with a new civil war, rises the star of general George Monk. In the course of the civil war, Monk was in the camp of Charles I, but was taken prisoner in 1644. He was able to convince the Long Parliament of his loyalty to the new government, and was sent, under Cromwell, to Ireland, and then Scotland. And so ... Read more »

Views: 219 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.20.2015 | Comments (0)

a. Internal politics

1. After revolution reaches its highest stage, it starts to recede. Beginning of this recess typically takes the form of a dictatorship of one person, someone who used to be one of the chief military leaders of the revolution. Thus, if we throw our glance at the ancient Roman history, we see the phenomenon of "caesarism"; in the English revolution, we see the "protectorate of Cromwell"; in the French revolution, it is "Bonapartism"; in the Russian, we talk about "Stalinism"; in the Chinese revolution, we see the rule of Mao; and, perhaps the freshest example of this tendency is the rule of Fidel Castro on Cuba (thus, all those who sing the praise to the Cuban leader do not understand what his personal rule represents).

... Read more »

Views: 463 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.17.2015 | Comments (0)

a. "True levelers" in the time of the English revolution

1. Revolutionaries are characterized by transition to another system, whose essence is not yet clear to them. They deny the old world, but cannot name the new. Here's a story from David Hume about one of the soldiers of Cromwell: “[he] went into the church-yard, and there told them, that he had a vision wherein he received a command from God, to deliver his will unto them": 1) the Sabbath is abolished as ceremonial; 2) the tythes are abolished; 3) “That ministers are abolished as antichristian, and of no longer use, now Christ himself descends into the hearts of his saints, and his spirit enlightened them with revelations and inspirations”; 4) “Magistrates are abolished as useless, now that Christ himself is in purity amongst us, and hath erected the kingdom of the saints upon earth. Besides they are tyrants, and oppressors of the liberty o ... Read more »

Views: 3745 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.16.2015 | Comments (0)

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