Knowledge as a weapon
Home » Entries archive

I must admit that I am not a very good narrator. My purpose has been to strive for generalities which can be obtained from the specific events, rather than a faithful recount of the events. For a nice summary of the events of the English Civil War, I recommend watching a 1970 movie "Cromwell". The movie shows Cromwell as about to leave for America with his family, as England is no longer a country to bring up children in. But the leaders of the Parliament ask Cromwell to stay. Then the movie shows the injustices which the large landlords, such as lord Manchester, have inflicted upon the poor farmers and middle classes, such as was Cromwell. For these reasons, they decide to take up arms against the king and his men.

... Read more »

Views: 304 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.15.2015 | Comments (0)

a. Parliamentary career of "the commons" (1265-1625)

1. The goal of this section is to show that representatives of bourgeoisie have not become so revolutionary and "impetuous", as we see them in XVII and XVIII centuries. First, we find them in struggle for insignificant privileges, then we see them in struggle for influence on national politics, and finally in struggle for state power.

2. First representatives of "the people" are in English parliament on January 20, 1265.  This was a rebellious parliament gathered by count Leicester who desired the support of the common people in his struggle with the royal power. First "lawful" parliament with "people's representatives" was gathered by king Edward I at the end of XIII century. Hume writes: “he issued writs to the sheriffs, enjoining them to send to parliament, along with two knights of the shire, two deputies from each borough ... Read more »

Views: 302 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.13.2015 | Comments (0)

Principal works on the subject of "the English revolution":

1. Hume, David, "The History of England", XVIII century

2. Guizot, Francois, "History of the English Revolution"

3. Marx, Engels, “A review of F. Guizot’s 1850 pamphlet ‘Why did the revolution in England succeed?’ ”, 1850

4. Bernstein, Edward, "Social movement in England in XVII century", 1899

5. G. M. Trevelyan, “Illustrated English Social History”

6. A.L. Morton, “A People’s History of England”

7. Barg, M., "The Great English Revolution in Portraits of its Leaders", Moscow 1991

8. Movie "Cromwell", 1970

* * *

1. As an investigator defines the subject of investigation, so he defines its outcome. Here is a thought of Max Pl ... Read more »

Views: 297 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.13.2015 | Comments (0)

During XV, XVI and XVII centuries many inventions and scientific discoveries were made. V. Zombart writes that in XV century the smelting of iron starts to appear and water power starts to be used for the process. Before that time, iron was made straight from the ores and production was carried out chiefly in wooded areas.

Wikipedia writes on "Smeltmill": "Smeltmills were water-powered mills used to smelt lead or other metals. The older method of smelting lead on wind-blown bole hills began to be superseded by artificially-blown smelters. The first such furnace was built by  ... Read more »

Views: 398 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.12.2015 | Comments (0)

1. On Learning from Experiments

Both outstanding minds and common people learn. Outstanding minds, having mastered all the learning of their times (for example, Faust of Goethe), continue to learn from careful observation of experience and experiments. An experiment is also a kind of experience, in which, however, the conditions are controlled, and there is an interaction between the experimenter (“the subject”) and the object of experiment. Everyday experience and social cataclysms may be viewed as a kind of experiment, in which, however, the conditions are not well controlled, or not controlled at all. However, there is an interaction between “the subject” and the object, and there is an analysis following this interaction, with conclusions – right or wrong – drawn.

Socrates said that unexamined life is not worth living. He may have been getting closer to exper ... Read more »

Views: 414 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.11.2015 | Comments (0)

1. At the close of the Middle Ages we see appearance of many sects which represent an alternative to the Catholic church. These sects together can be called "Protestant". A protestant was a person who desired changes in religious practice and in the social system (we remember that religion was a totality of knowledge for the times). First, at the head of protestant movement were lone monks, such as John Ball in XIV century. The most famous phrase of this militant monk was: "When Adam dug the ground and Eve spun, where was the gentleman?" In other words, the image from the Bible is used as an argument for social equality. That's why he was executed by landlords in the course of peasants' rebellion in 1381.

... Read more »

Views: 286 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.10.2015 | Comments (0)

1. Faustus is a collective image of a revolutionary of the times (of bourgeois revolutions). V. Zombart, in his work "Technology in the epoch of early capitalism" writes: "General tendency of the epoch, or at least 15, 16, and 17th centuries, was towards getting to know the world; this was a "Faustinian" trait of the epoch... Hazy tendency towards knowledge combined itself with uncertain tendency towards transformation, new life forms, new Worlds; this tendency has found its expression in travels of the times, and in dreams about new state forms, as in Drake and Raleigh, as well as in Moore, Companella and others".  Christopher Marlowe wrote about Faustus in 1593, during the pre-revolutionary crisis of the English society. Hence, it is interesting to observe main outlines of this drama.

2. Revolution is a massive upheaval of the lower s ... Read more »

Views: 283 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.10.2015 | Comments (0)

The coming of social revolution is preceded by a cultural “re-birth”, which is a sign of a new order of things to come: new ways of knowledge, new literature, and new social relations.

The English revolution of XVII century was preceded by the English Renaissance, which was a movement from the end of XV century up to the beginning of XVII century. Its high time was the Elizabethan era, in the second half of XVI century. It included such figures as Francis Bacon, William Shakespeare, Thomas More, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson, and others.

If we’re to start with poetry, allow me to bring 2 examples of the English poetry of the period:

1) “My Mind to Me a Kingdom Is” by Sir Edward Dyer (1543 - 1607), &

2) “The Lie” by Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618).

Sir Edward Dyer in his poem adopt ... Read more »

Views: 325 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.09.2015 | Comments (0)

1. The goal of this work is to discuss revolution from the most general points of view. We want to understand its dialectic as a whole. However, as the whole exists only together with some concrete, we take the English revolution as this concrete, although for illustration of some phases we use examples from different epochs, and even from totally different spheres of reality.

2. The concept of "revolution" is used today widely, but few people bother to think about what it means. It is as though this is understood by everybody, and hence there is no need to think about it. However, real knowledge starts to appear when we question that which is "self-understood" and accepted as an axiom by "everybody".

Hegel says, in "Phenomenology" that when something is "known" in general, it is known as a popular opinion, but not really known. For example, in times of Hegel, such concepts were accepted as "known" as " ... Read more »

Views: 253 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.09.2015 | Comments (0)

« 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 »