Knowledge as a weapon
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I don’t know how to name my topic. “Ancient Greece” is too vague. It is used as a label for different, opposite approaches.

“Revolution in Ancient Greece” doesn’t really fit the title, as we’re dealing not with a radical change in the mode of production. However, this study is for theory of revolution. “Revolution must be a science” are words of Hegel, if we substitute “philosophy” for “revolution”. To make revolution a science, a subject of study, has been the goal of my life. “Ancient Greece” is a part of that study.

So, what has been accomplished and not accomplished, so far?

  1. I have tried to study all aspects of the society and its knowledge, not limiting oneself to any one thing.
  2. I preserve the method of historical approach, i.e. break up the whole into periods and study them in chronological manner.
  3. However, notably missing from this study ... Read more »
Views: 217 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.08.2015 | Comments (0)

In the ancient society, predating slavery, women were the dominating sex.

An echo of this we find in the myths of Amazons. These were the women warriors who took men for the purposes of procreation.

Images of Amazons in art can be found here.

An Amazon wearing trousers, from a Greek vase, V century B.C.

It is curious that (some) Amazons inhabited the plains to modern day southern Ukraine and Russia, the so-called "Sarmatia". (More read here)

Gradually, the status of women was lowered.

Penelope, the wife of Odysseus, is no more than the highest among the slave girls. Telemachus, her ... Read more »

Views: 235 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.05.2015 | Comments (0)

In ancient Greece, there were two kinds of education: Spartan and Athenian (which corresponds to the great division of the Greek society into two kinds of social systems and military alliances). Spartan education was basically a military one, while the Athenian was more of a balanced between developing both the body and the mind.

Wikipedia writes on the Spartan education:

"the Spartans structured their educational system as an extreme form of military boot camp, which they referred to as agoge.[27] The pursuit of intellectual knowledge was seen as trivial, and thus academic learning, such as reading and writing, was kept to a minimum. A Spartan boy’s life was devoted almost entirely to his school, and that school had but one purpose: to produce an almost indestructible Spartan ... Read more »

Views: 263 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.05.2015 | Comments (0)

1. Decline of Athens

1. After defeat of Athens by Sparta, power in Athens is taken over by oligarchs and leaders of moderate democracy, representatives of Sparta. However, repressions in 403 B.C. lead to resurrection of democracy.

... Read more »

Views: 233 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.04.2015 | Comments (0)

3. The military art of the epoch

1. The main factors which influence the outcome of war are: 1) the goal for which the war is waged"; 2) understanding of this goal by the immediate participants in the struggle, i.e. their level of self-consciousness; 3) ... Read more »

Views: 282 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.04.2015 | Comments (0)

1. The fifty-year period, 479 - 431 B.C.

1. At a certain stage of the war against the Persians, Sparta has withdrawn. This was probably related to its apprehensions about the rising power of Athens. So, the struggle against the Persians was headed by the Athenians, and for this pu ... Read more »

Views: 288 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.04.2015 | Comments (0)

1. Class struggle during the classic period

1. In the period of Homer, we have autonomous household economy, as exemplified by the household of Odysseus. The man is at the plough, his wife is in charge of domestic slaves. In the period of Solon, we have autonomous city state ... Read more »

Views: 312 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.04.2015 | Comments (0)

1. The class struggle

1. In VII - VI centuries B.C. the class struggle between citizens of the polis was the reasons for colonization: "the vanquished groups often had to leave their native land and seek new places for habituation". A similar moment we observe in the Eng ... Read more »

Views: 278 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.04.2015 | Comments (0)

Bibliography

1. Foundations: nature, means of production, forms of social life.

... Read more »
Views: 302 | Added by: gori | Date: 02.04.2015 | Comments (0)

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