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A discussion of the fight within U.S. SWP between "majority" of James P. Cannon and "minority" of Morrow-Heijenoort-Goldman, 1943-45

The outbreak of the Second World War found U. S.
Trotskyism divided into two organizations: the Socialist Workers
Party led by James Cannon, and the Workers Party led by Max
Shachtman. The downfall of Mussolini on July 24, 1943 led to the
appearance of a third current: a minority within the SWP led by
Felix Morrow, Jean van Heijenoort and Albert Goldman. Confronting
the SWP leaders’ line, according to which U. S. imperialism
would operate in Europe through “Franco‑type governments,” the
minority argued that it would rely on democratic regimes to stem
the advance of the revolution, propping them up with economic aid,
and that it would be helped in this task by the Socialist and Communist
Parties, which would revive the policy of class collaboration
known as Popular Front. The task of the European Trotskyists was
therefore to wrest control of the masses from those parties through
democratic and transitional demands (a Democratic Republic, a
Constituent Assembly, etc.) which would help the workers discover
the anti-socialist agenda of their mass organizations through their
own experience. The Morrow–Goldman–Heijenoort tendency’s
inglorious ending precluded any serious analysis of the dire consequences
of the policies pursued by the SWP leadership.

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